In this time of great interest and change, electric and sustainable mobility is a continually evolving trend: our partners at Motus-E, who will once again be present at this year's edition, conduct numerous studies and research projects for the promotion of electric mobility and to increase public awareness with regards its benefits.
In 2018, more than 2 million electric vehicles were registered, representing a 78% increase in sales when compared to the previous year.
These figures include all-electric vehicles (BEV), as well as the more popular plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEV). However, the latter is gradually losing ground to the former: last year saw a 3% increase in the sale of all-electric vehicles compared to plug-in hybrids.
With 1.2 million registered vehicles, China represents the world's largest market, whereas Europe is already far behind with less than 400,000 vehicles. Italy has only begun to make its presence felt, with 2018 seeing a slight improvement in numbers. However, it still only represents a 2.5% of the European market.
In 2018, 5,010 all-electric vehicles (BEV) were registered in Italy. When added to the 4,569 plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEV), this represents 0.5% of the automobile market: in total, approximately 22,000 electric vehicles are in circulation. Over the first seven months of 2019, the registration of new all-electric vehicles (BEV) increased by 113% compared to the same period of 2018, thanks to the new "Ecobonus" incentives.
One interesting phenomenon that has emerged is that of vehicle "sharing", in particular bicycles, cars and mopeds. At the end of 2018, the number of units in circulation was approximately 44,500, a slight decrease on 2017. The greatest number of these "sharing" vehicles has always been bicycles, which in 2018 accounted for approximately 35,800 units, a decrease of almost 10% on 2017, following the market "boom" (+150%) experienced in 2016 and 2017. Car sharing accounted for almost 6,500 units in 2018 (+6.5% on 2017), while moped sharing has a smaller market share with approximately 2,200 units in circulation in 2018, although this sector experienced very strong growth (+340%) with respect to 2017.
Italy is currently taking its first steps with regards the use of electric vehicles in the provision of "services" that benefit the electrical grid ("Vehicle-to-Grid" or V2G technology), by way of tests regarding the feasibility of V2G technology and the revision of current statutory and regulatory frameworks. This should soon allow for the development of partnerships between electric vehicle and electrical market ancillary services. These initiatives are a result of the marked increase in interest seen at an international level, which in recent years has resulted in the proliferation of a series of pilot projects aimed at testing the technical feasibility of V2G (even before economic feasibility), also in terms of the impact the eventual implementation of V2G would have on electric vehicles and charging infrastructures.
At the end of 2018, it was estimated there were approximately 540,000 public charge points worldwide, of which 140,000 were "fast charge" (i.e., with a charge rate of 22 kW or more), an increase of approximately 25% on 2017.
To date, Italy has almost 8,200 publically accessible charge points. However, these charge points are unevenly distribution throughout the country. Lombardy is the only region to have more than 1,000 charge points. Followed by Lazio, Piedmont, Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany and Sicily, which all have more than 500 charge points. Northern Italy has the highest percentage of charge points, with regards the overall number (51%) as well as "fast charge" (53%).
One of the main issues when it comes to the first-time purchase of an electric vehicle is the high initial cost, as indicated by 72% of people surveyed in 2018. Other, less critical, problems include the inadequacy of the charging network (39%) and limited vehicle autonomy (28%).
|Vehicle types||Electric vehicle registrations 2018||Percentage of electric vehicle registrations compared to total registrations 2018||Electric vehicles in circulation 2018||Percentage of electric vehicles in circulation compared to total circulation 2018|
|Light Duty Vehicles (LDV)||491||0,2%||4.563||0,1%|